Volume 13, 2022
EU PVSEC 2021: State of the Art and Developments in Photovoltaics
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||25 May 2022|
Quantifying the performance gain of 100 cm2 bifacial four terminal perovskite-Si tandem modules
TNO Energy Transition, Westerduinweg 3, 1755 LE Petten, The Netherlands
2 TNO Energy Transition, High Tech Campus 21, 5656 AE Eindhoven, The Netherlands
3 Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands
* e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received in final form: 4 February 2022
Accepted: 3 March 2022
Published online: 25 May 2022
Improving the performance of solar modules requires the implementation of both spectral and directional irradiance optimization. The performance of bifacial four-terminal tandem minimodules with a 100 cm2 area is reported, both indoor and outdoor measurements. We demonstrate a 24.5 mW/cm2 (bifacial irradiance 200 W/m2) bifacial tandem power density, measured according to a tandem adapted IEC60904-1-2 protocol, which constitutes a 3 mW/cm2 gain with respect to monofacial use. In addition, we show that in outdoor measurements bifacial four terminal tandems outperform identical monofacial four terminal tandems by 26% on average, depending on incident angle, injection level and temperature, in a 10% albedo environment. The average gain is higher for outdoor performance than for indoor performance, due to variations in relative rear irradiance.
Key words: Four terminal tandem / bifacial modules / perovskite / outdoor performance
© P. Manshanden et al., Published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.