Special Issue on ‘WCPEC-8: State of the Art and Developments in Photovoltaics’, edited by Alessandra Scognamiglio, Robert Kenny, Shuzi Hayase and Arno Smets
Description of used parameters for energy balance calculations in equation (5) to achieve saturation temperature of backpowered photovoltaic modules.
|Tcell||Solar cell temperature||K|
|h||Convective coefficient||W/m2/K||6 (derived from  for no wind)|
|kEVA, kg, kbs||Thermal conductivity of encapsulant, glass and backsheet||W/m/K||0.34 , 0.8 , 0.25 |
|LEVA||Encapsulant thickness||mm||0.45 |
|Lg||Glass thickness||mm||2 (HJT), 3.2 (PERC + IBC)|
|σ||Stefan-Boltzmann constant||W/m2/K4||5.67 ⋅ 10−8|
|A||Solar cell area||cm2||243.7 (HJT + PERC), 150.0 (IBC)|
|ϵg||Emissivity of glass||–||0.9 |
|ϵbs||Emissivity of backsheet||–||0.83 |
|α||Absorptivity of solar cell||–||0.93 |
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