Tableau 1

Production limitations of the PV technologies [7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 129].

PV technology Limiting Max installed capacity Max yearly production Ratio (demand
element based on the limiting based on annual production 2030/2008 production)
element reserves of limiting material of limiting element
(1.5–2.5 TWp demand) (20–150 GWp demand)

c-Si Ag 5–15 TWp 305 GWp 20
CdTe Te 0.1–0.8 TWp 2.3–40 GWp 50
CIGS In 0.1–0.6 TWp 13–26 GWp 3
Dye-sensitized Ru, In (TCO) 0.06–0.9 TWp 2.2 GWp n.a.
solar cells

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