Volume 3, 2012
Topical issue: Photovoltaic Technical Conference (PVTC 2011)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||26 June 2012|
Rapid thermal annealing of sputter-deposited ZnO:Al films for microcrystalline Si thin-film solar cells
1 Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Saitama University, 255 Shimo-Okubo, Sakura, 338-8570 Saitama, Japan
2 Saitama Industrial Technology Centre (SAITEC) 3-12-28 Kami-Aoki, Kawaguchi, 333-0844 Saitama, Japan
3 Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, 350-8585 Saitama, Japan
Received: 14 July 2011
Accepted: 2 March 2012
Published online: 26 June 2012
Rapid thermal annealing of sputter-deposited ZnO and Al-doped ZnO (AZO) films with and without an amorphous silicon (a-Si) capping layer was investigated using a radio-frequency (rf) argon thermal plasma jet of argon at atmospheric pressure. The resistivity of bare ZnO films on glass decreased from 108 to 104–105 Ω cm at maximum surface temperatures Tmaxs above 650 °C, whereas the resistivity increased from 10-4 to 10-3–10-2Ω cm for bare AZO films. On the other hand, the resistivity of AZO films with a 30-nm-thick a-Si capping layer remained below 10-4Ω cm, even after TPJ annealing at a Tmax of 825 °C. The film crystallization of both AZO and a-Si layers was promoted without the formation of an intermixing layer. Additionally, the crystallization of phosphorous- and boron-doped a-Si layers at the sample surface was promoted, compared to that of intrinsic a-Si under the identical plasma annealing conditions. The TPJ annealing of n+-a-Si/textured AZO was applied for single junction n-i-p microcrystalline Si thin-film solar cells.
© EDP Sciences 2012
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