Table 2

LCA model assumptions for waste treatment paths.

Waste stream Assumptions for waste treatment options in LCA model
Recycling Thermal recovery Disposal
Paper and Cardboard Paper and cardboard recycling Waste incineration and disposal Waste incineration and disposal
Mixed Wastes N/A N/A Waste incineration and disposal
Glass Glass cullet downcycling for other application, e.g. foam glass production N/A Inert waste on landfill
Plastics (packaging, technical plastics) Packaging plastics: shredding and granulation incl. losses; no recycling of technical plastics Plastics in waste incineration Plastic wastes on landfill
Wood (pallets) Pallet recycling Wood waste in waste incineration plant Wood waste on landfill
Ferrous metals Steel recycling incl. secondary material production and recycling losses Waste incineration (no energy recovery) Steel waste on landfill (inert matter)
Aluminium Aluminium recycling incl. secondary material production and losses. Waste incineration (no energy recovery) Aluminium waste on landfill (inert matter)
Cables Copper recycling incl. secondary material production and losses; Plastic insulation: Waste incineration. N/A Waste on landfill (plastic wastes and inert matter)
Silicon and solar cells Recycling as substitution material of metallurgical grade silicon in lower application (e.g, aluminium industry ore silicone) N/A Waste on landfill, inert wastes
Metal dust (filters) N/A N/A Waste on landfill, inert wastes

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