Table 1

Sustainability targets and strategies for the PV sector under the lens of SDG 12 [12].

# SDG Topic Target for the PV sector Sustainability strategy for the PV sector
12.1 Instruments Collectively support coherent sustainable practices in the PV sector Define common sustainability goals with all stakeholders
Implement methodology to assess progress towards sustainability
12.2 Natural resources Achieve the sustainable management of natural resources Reduce material intensity
Reduce water use
Reduce (fossil-fuel based) energy consumption
12.4 Hazardous waste & Chemicals Achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and wastes Optimize the treatment of production line outputs
Avoid the release of harmful substances during extraction, use and EoL
12.5 Waste generation Substantially reduce PV material waste generation Increase the collection rate of EoL modules
Extend the use phase of products
Increase the efficiency of EoL recycling
Increase the use of recycled materials in production
12.6 CSR & reporting Ensure stakeholder well-being and demonstrate sustainability commitment Standardize sustainability reporting
Standardize corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices
12.7 Sustainable procurement Adopt sustainable procurement practices Improve the supply security of products
Ensure the social and environmental performances of suppliers
12.8 Public awareness Inform consumers on the sustainability of product/company Democratize sustainability labelling for PV modules

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